Elementary-Secondary School logic model

Click on any linked activities to view samples of related research evidence. Click on linked outcomes to view sources of data for measuring outcomes and question wording examples to collect your own outcome data. If you're using a mouse, hover over linked items to highlight any evidence related items. Use the entire model as a map for understanding how the work of community development and health organizations collaboratively leads to improved community health.


Building materials
Community benefits agreement
Community engagement
Community plans
Contracting and hiring practices that support equity goals
Evidence-based practice literature
Feasibility study
Health Impact Assessment
Location, site
Sociodemographic data
Source of funds
Afterschool program participants (number of)
Community education participants (number of)
Community garden users (number of)
Dollars invested (amount of)
Jobs created/retained as a result of financing or programming (number of)
Physical education class participants (number of)
Playground equipment/gymnasium swimming pool/basketball court users (number of)
Safe routes to schools/walking school bus program participants (number of)
School buildings financed/ rehabbed (number of)
Students who purchase or receive healthy food (number of)
Students who receive health care services (number of)
Students who receive information on nutrition/healthy food preparation (number of)
Students who receive special education services (number of)
Access to health care increases
Enhanced academic instruction
Facilities for out-of-school-time activity increase
Knowledge of nutrition and healthy food preparation increases
Positive attitude towards fruits and vegetables increases
Employment skills increase
Health disparities decrease
Pedestrian and cyclist safety increases
Preventable hospitalizations decrease
Teen pregnancy rate decreases
Workforce quality increases

About this logic model

This example logic model provides a menu of typical inputs, activities, outputs, and outcomes for community development and health organizations that work in the Elementary-Secondary School field.

The activities listed in this example logic model link, whenever possible, to examples of research literature providing evidence that a specific activity leads to a health-related outcome included in the logic model. The outcomes link, whenever possible, to measures already collected through existing data sources and to measures that might require users to collect their own data through a survey, or other means. Click on these linked items to view the related evidence or measures.

Take the model with you! View a printable version of this logic model.

Influence on social determinants of health:

Through education, elementary and secondary schools have a lifelong influence on employment, income, and other dimensions of well-being.

In addition to providing education, nutrition, and opportunities for physical activity, schools can connect households to needed supports and services.