Transit Oriented Development logic model

Click on any linked activities to view samples of related research evidence. Click on linked outcomes to view sources of data for measuring outcomes and question wording examples to collect your own outcome data. If you're using a mouse, hover over linked items to highlight any evidence related items. Use the entire model as a map for understanding how the work of community development and health organizations collaboratively leads to improved community health.


Community benefits agreement
Community engagement
Community plans
Contracting and hiring practices that support equity goals
Evidence-based practice literature
Feasibility study
Health Impact Assessment
Inclusionary zoning that supports housing affordability goals
Land use policies that support transit-oriented development
Location, site
Sociodemographic data
Source of funds
Adopt policies such as complete streets (CS) and prioritization of transitways
Commercial development
Community education and outreach
Construction of ADA sidewalks and bike lanes
Construction of affordable housing (new or rehab)
Construction of high-frequency public transit service
Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) in city plans and development reviews
Policies and incentives that support use by community members, employees, and students
Policies that promote public safety
Affordable housing units (number of)
Businesses created/retained (number of)
Commercial buildings financed (number of)
Dollars invested (amount of)
Individuals housed (number of)
Jobs created/retained (number of)
Path miles (number of)
Residents with increased access to primary care services (number of)
Residents with increased access to public transit (number of)
Residents with increased access to retail services (number of)
Access to employment opportunities increases
Access to health care increases
Access to retail services increases
Community engagement in transit oriented development increases
Housing affordability increases
Housing quality improves
Multimodal transit options increase
Opportunities for physical activity increase
Perceived neighborhood safety increases
Proximity to public transit increases
Proximity to streets with ADA accessible sidewalks and bike lanes increases
Walkability improves
Consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables increases
Employee absenteeism decreases
Entrepreneurship increases
Financial knowledge increases
Greenhouse gas emissions decrease
Health and well-being self-reports improve
Housing cost burden decreases
Overcrowded housing decreases
Physical activity increases
Preventative screening rates increase
Proportion of adults working increases
School mobility of children decreases
Sense of community (social connectedness) increases
Stress decreases
Use of public transit increases
Academic proficiency scores increase
Air quality improves
Child abuse/ maltreatment/ neglect decreases
Diabetes rate decreases
Disability rates decrease
Employment rate increases
Graduation rate increases
Health disparities decrease
Housing conditions improve
Life expectancy increases
Mental health problems decrease
Mixed-use, mixed generation communities increase
Obesity rate decreases
Property values increase
Regional economic competitiveness increases
Traffic fatalities decrease
Voter turnout rate increases
Wealth disparities decrease

About this logic model

This example logic model provides a menu of typical inputs, activities, outputs, and outcomes for community development and health organizations that work in the Transit Oriented Development field.

The activities listed in this example logic model link, whenever possible, to examples of research literature providing evidence that a specific activity leads to a health-related outcome included in the logic model. The outcomes link, whenever possible, to measures already collected through existing data sources and to measures that might require users to collect their own data through a survey, or other means. Click on these linked items to view the related evidence or measures.

Influence on social determinants of health:

Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is the development of a mixed-use environment that includes high quality, frequent transit service.

TOD includes a mix of housing, retail, and recreational choices, all of which play an important role in advancing health equity, economic opportunity, and regional competitiveness.