Physical Activity logic model

Click on any linked activities to view samples of related research evidence. Click on linked outcomes to view sources of data for measuring outcomes and question wording examples to collect your own outcome data. If you're using a mouse, hover over linked items to highlight any evidence related items. Use the entire model as a map for understanding how the work of community development and health organizations collaboratively leads to improved community health.


Community plans
Evidence-based practice literature
Location, site
Source of funds
Adopt policies such as complete streets (CS) and prioritization of transitways
Community gardening
Construction of ADA sidewalks and bike lanes
Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) in city plans and development reviews
Financing for infrastructure that promotes physical activity and mental health (e.g., green space, playground equipment, community recreation facilities, walking path/trails, community gardens, sidewalks, swimming pools)
Fitness classes/recreation activities
Organization policies and practices that support physical activity (e.g., employee wellness programs, flexible hours)
Policies that promote crime reduction/public safety
Community garden plots (number of)
Community garden users (number of)
Community recreation facility users (number of)
Complete Streets and Living Streets policies (number of)
Dollars invested in bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure and facilities (amount of)
Fitness class participants (number of)
Individuals/families served as a result of recreational activity subsidies (number of)
Jobs created/retained as a result of financing or programming (number of)
Park/green space users (number of)
Pedestrian path users (number of)
Playground equipment users (number of)
Policies adopted that promote physical activity (number of)
Walking path/trail/sidewalk miles added (number of)
Awareness of benefits of, and opportunities for, physical activity increases
Facilities for out-of-school-time activity increase
Opportunities for physical activity increase
Perceived neighborhood safety increases
Proximity to streets with ADA accessible sidewalks and bike lanes increases
Vehicle miles traveled decreases
Health and well-being self-reports improve
Physical activity increases
Sense of community (social connectedness) increases
Stress decreases
Academic proficiency scores increase
Crime rate decreases
Diabetes rate decreases
Disability rates decrease
Employment rate increases
Health disparities decrease
High blood pressure rates decrease
Life expectancy increases
Mental health problems decrease
Obesity rate decreases
Pedestrian and cyclist safety increases
Property values increase

About this logic model

This example logic model provides a menu of typical inputs, activities, outputs, and outcomes for community development and health organizations that work in the Physical Activity field.

The activities listed in this example logic model link, whenever possible, to examples of research literature providing evidence that a specific activity leads to a health-related outcome included in the logic model. The outcomes link, whenever possible, to measures already collected through existing data sources and to measures that might require users to collect their own data through a survey, or other means. Click on these linked items to view the related evidence or measures.

Influence on social determinants of health:

Regular physical activity can prevent chronic illnesses and reduce stress.

Infrastructure improvements that provide opportunities for safe, active transportation and recreation can also serve as catalysts for economic development.