Metrics for Healthy Communities

Developed by Wilder Research and Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.

Example logic model for Cross-Sector Community Health Initiatives

Physical Activity

Influence on social determinants of health:

Individuals and families who live in low-income and/or rural communities often lack safe access to walkable and bikeable destinations such as full-service grocery stores, parks, and other places.

Regular physical activity can play an important role in stress reduction and disease prevention.

Infrastructure improvements that provide opportunities for safe, active transportation and recreation can also serve as catalysts for economic development.

This logic model provides a menu of typical inputs, activities, outputs, and outcomes for community development and health organizations that work in the Physical Activity field.

The outcomes listed in this example logic model link, whenever possible, to measures already collected through existing data sources and to measures that might require users to collect their own data through a survey, or other means. Measures with existing data sources are highlighted in blue.

Click on highlighted outcome measures to access existing data, or to identify question wording that can be used to collect your own outcome data. Use the model as a map for understanding how the work of community development and health organizations collaboratively leads to improved community health.

Physical Activity


Community plans

Evidence-based practice literature

Location, site

Source of funds



Adopt policies such as complete streets (CS) and prioritization of transitways

Community gardening

Construction of ADA sidewalks and bike lanes

Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) in city plans and development reviews

Financing for infrastructure that supports physical activity (e.g. community gardens, community recreation facilities, walking path/trails/sidewalks, playground equipment, parks/green spaces)

Fitness classes/recreation activities

Policies that promote crime reduction/public safety

Policies within organizations to support participation in physical activity for students, employees, and community members


Community garden plots (number of)

Community garden users (number of)

Community recreation facility users (number of)

Complete Streets and Living Streets policies (number of)

Dollars invested in bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure and facilities (amount of)

Fitness class participants (number of)

Individuals/families served as a result of recreational activity subsidies (number of)

Jobs created/retained as a result of financing or programming (number of)

Park/green space users (number of)

Pedestrian path users (number of)

Playground equipment users (number of)

Policies adopted that promote physical activity (number of)

Walking path/trail/sidewalk miles added (number of)


Shorter-term outcomes

Access to exercise opportunities increases

Awareness of benefits of, and opportunities for, physical activity increases

Facilities for out-of-school-time activity increase

Feeling of safety increases

Proximity to streets with ADA accessible sidewalks and bike lanes increases

Medium-term outcomes

Adverse childhood experiences decrease

Health and well-being self-reports improve

Physical activity increases

Sense of community (social connectedness) increases

Longer-term outcomes

Academic proficiency scores increase

Crime rate decreases

Diabetes rate decreases

Disability rates for chronic conditions decrease

Employment rate increases

Health disparities decrease

Mental health problems decrease

Obesity rate decreases

Property values increase

Voter turnout rate increases was developed by Wilder Research and Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.