Metrics for Healthy Communities

Developed by Wilder Research and Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.

Example logic model for Cross-Sector Community Health Initiatives

Affordable Housing

Influence on social determinants of health:

Affordable housing buildings provide shelter for low-income individuals and families who are unable to afford market-rate housing.

These sites can play an important role in improving the health of residents through building design elements, programs, and policies.

New/rehabbed affordable housing buildings can also serve as catalysts for other economic development.

This logic model provides a menu of typical inputs, activities, outputs, and outcomes for community development and health organizations that work in the Affordable Housing field.

The outcomes listed in this example logic model link, whenever possible, to measures already collected through existing data sources and to measures that might require users to collect their own data through a survey, or other means. Measures with existing data sources are highlighted in blue.

Click on highlighted outcome measures to access existing data, or to identify question wording that can be used to collect your own outcome data. Use the model as a map for understanding how the work of community development and health organizations collaboratively leads to improved community health.

Affordable Housing


Community plans

Evidence-based practice literature

Location, site

Source of funds




Financing affordable housing (new or rehab)

Financing on-site facilities for physical activity (e.g. green space, walking path, playground equipment, community recreation room)

Using building materials that reduce asthma problems


Affordable housing units (number of)

Community gatherings held (number of)

Community recreation room users (number of)

Dollars invested (amount of)

Individuals housed (number of)

Path miles (number of)

Playground equipment users (number of)

Walking path users (number of)


Shorter-term outcomes

Access to exercise opportunities increases

Asthma trigger exposure decreases

Housing affordability increases

Housing quality improves

Medium-term outcomes

Adverse childhood experiences decrease

Asthma problems among children decrease

Health and well-being self-reports improve

Overcrowded housing decreases

Physical activity increases

School attendance increases

School mobility of children decreases

Sense of community (social connectedness) increases

Longer-term outcomes

Academic proficiency scores increase

Commercial development increases

Diabetes rate decreases

Disability rates for chronic conditions decrease

Emergency room admissions decrease

Graduation rate increases

Health disparities decrease

Housing conditions improve

Housing cost burden decreases

Mental health problems decrease

Obesity rate decreases

Property values increase

Voter turnout rate increases was developed by Wilder Research and Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.