Logic model for Cross-Sector Community Health Initiatives

Childcare Center

Influence on social determinants of health:

Childcare centers built in underserved communities provide space for licensed programs to deliver affordable, high quality care to low-income infant, pre-school age, and school age children.

These sites can play an important role in developing the health of young children through building design elements, programs and policies.

New/rehabbed childcare center buildings can also serve as catalysts for other economic development.

This example logic model provides a menu of typical inputs, activities, outputs, and outcomes for community development and health organizations that work in the Childcare Center field.

The outcomes listed in this example logic model link, whenever possible, to measures already collected through existing data sources and to measures that might require users to collect their own data through a survey, or other means. Measures with existing data sources are highlighted in blue.

Click on highlighted outcome measures to access existing data, or to identify question wording that can be used to collect your own outcome data. Use the model as a map for understanding how the work of community development and health organizations collaboratively leads to improved community health.

Childcare Center


Community plans

Evidence-based practice literature

Location, site

Source of funds



Childcare, early care and education programming

Employment of trained caregivers

Financing childcare centers in underserved neighborhoods

Financing facilities that support healthy eating (e.g. community gardens and commercial kitchens)

Financing on-site facilities for physical activity (e.g. green space, walking path, playground equipment, community recreation room)

Healthy meals and snacks

Learning activities that promote school readiness

Using building materials that reduce asthma problems


(service volume/reach)

Childcare slots (number of)

Children who participate in high quality learning activities (number of)

Community garden users/pounds of vegetables produced (number of)

Dollars invested (amount of)

Healthy meals/snacks served (number of)

Jobs created/retained as a result of financing or programming (number of)

Low-income households with increased access to affordable childcare (number of) and percent low-income

Playground equipment/recreation room/green space users (number of)

Rooms with building materials known to reduce asthma symptoms (number of)

Walking path users/path miles (number of)


Shorter-term outcomes

(changes in access/awareness)

Access to exercise opportunities increases

Asthma trigger exposure decreases

Proximity to affordable, stable, high-quality child care increases

Medium-term outcomes

(changes in individual behavior)

Adverse childhood experiences decrease

Asthma problems among children decrease

Caregiving burden decreases

Childcare cost burden decreases

Consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables increases

Identification of social, physical, and learning problems occurs earlier

Language and literacy skills improve

Physical activity increases

Social-emotional skills of children improve

Longer-term outcomes

(changes in population health
changes in community conditions)